Learn the differences between bullish and bearish markets in this informative blog. Discover how traders can use these terms to make profitable trades and understand the characteristics of each market.
The Stock Exchange is where the terms “Bulls” and “Bears” first appeared, and they are now widely used across most financial markets.
Although the words “bullish vs bearish forex markets” could cause you to hesitate if you’ve never heard of them before.
However, any trader can benefit greatly from understanding the distinctions between bullish and bearish markets when it comes to carrying out profitable trades.
Below, we’ve described them, provided some extra guidance on how to recognize a market, and suggested trader behavior in either a bullish or bearish market.
What is the definition of Bullish?
A bullish investor or trader is one who is upbeat about the economy and financial markets and thinks that prices will increase and continue their upward trajectory.
Bullish traders may be bullish on a single investment or they may think that the market as a whole is poised to increase. A trader might, for instance, just be bullish on the AAPL (Apple) stock, or they might only be bullish on trading in a certain market, like the futures market.
As a result of their expectation that the price will vary and then start to rise again quickly, bullish traders may employ trading methods like pullbacks, where they buy at prices that are moving down in the near term.
What is the definition of Bearish?
A trader or investor with pessimistic views of the economy and financial markets and who thinks that the price of assets will continue to decline is considered bearish.
In that sense, a trader or investor who is bearish is the exact opposite of a trader or investor who is optimistic.
In the same way that bullish investors might be pessimistic about specific markets or stocks, bearish investors can also be pessimistic about specific markets.
Bearish traders can use the same trading techniques that bullish traders use. Take the earlier pullbacks method as an illustration. A pessimistic trader would sell the stock when prices increased because they believed prices would soon start falling.
If you have a particularly pessimistic outlook on a certain stock or market, you’re probably taking a bearish stance.
What is the difference between a bullish and a bearish market?
It is much simpler to comprehend the differences between bullish and bearish markets now that we have established the characteristics of bullish and bearish traders.
When prices are rising steadily in a financial market, traders and analysts say that the market is bullish or in a bull market. In a bullish market, not all equities must be rising to qualify as such; rather, the movement of the market’s key equity indices is more important. For instance, during a bull market, the NASDAQ 100 and the Dow Jones Industrial Average may be rising even if some other stocks aren’t. Here is more information on equity indices.
Traders detest bear markets because they make investors feel tremendously negative about the market’s future prospects and cause those who have invested to lose money and take on additional risk.
However, traders who short the market—that is, who foresee a market decline and make wise bets in anticipation of it—preferred bearish conditions since they stood to gain from declines.
Other Bullish and Bearish Market Characteristics
In addition to using stock price direction to determine if a market is going in a bullish or bearish direction, traders may also use other associated features to determine whether a market is moving in a bullish or bearish direction.
There are three qualities to watch out for:
The Supply and Demand for Securities
There will be a large demand for securities and a small supply in optimistic markets. As a result, even though many traders wish to buy assets, not many will be willing to sell them. As a result, investors will compete for the equity that is available, which will lead to an increase in share prices.
The opposite happens in markets that are bearish. There will be more sellers than buyers among dealers, which causes a decline in share prices and a mismatch between supply and demand.
What traders should do in each market?
During bull markets, advisors would typically recommend that investors profit from rising prices by buying stocks as soon as possible and then selling them after they reach their peak.
However, because equities are depreciating, there is a high likelihood of danger and loss in unfavorable markets. Consequently, experts often suggest either shorting the market or selecting reliable investments, such as defensive equities.
A defensive stock is a stock that tends to perform well or hold its value during times of economic uncertainty or market downturns. Investors often view defensive stocks as a safer investment option because they are less volatile than other stocks. Government-owned businesses like utilities are some examples.
Meanwhile, traders can profit from declining prices by placing short bets in negative markets. Shorting the market can be accomplished via short selling or by purchasing put option contracts.