Under particular circumstances, the Forex technical indicators market has a propensity to act in certain ways. Because market behavior is repetitive, specific pricing patterns will continue to appear. In this situation, forex indicators are useful. They are made to help you identify these patterns as they emerge and use them to your advantage. However, since they believe them to be complicated, Forex traders frequently don’t give them a chance.

Relative Strength Index, MACD, Average True Range, and Stochastic Instead of anything having to do with forex, it sounds more like washing machine parts. Don’t, however, judge a book by its cover. They aren’t as difficult as they might appear.

In the sections below, we’ll go over the function of trading indicators in the financial markets, introduce seven of the most well-liked technical indicators, and explain how to use them to your advantage in trading in 2021. Keep in mind that your indicators should not be used if they consistently produce signals that do not result in profits.

Simple Moving Averages (SMS)

Technical indicators known as Simple Moving Average, or simply SMA, relate to the average closing prices over a specified time period. They are represented on the chart as smoothing lines that can be used to identify trends.

The formula for simple moving averages is to take a set number of closing prices, add them all up, then divide the result by the total number of closing prices utilized. For instance, you would divide the closing prices of the previous five days by five in order to determine the SMA for a five-day period.

Therefore, if the most recent closing prices were 80, 81, 81, 82, and 83, you would add them all up, divide them by 5, and obtain an average of 81.4. After that, the average “moves” whenever a new price becomes available.

The oldest rate (80) would be discarded in our example, assuming the following number in the sequence is 82, and the new average would be 81.8.

Your SMA will respond to changes in price more slowly the longer the time you’ve selected.

The SMA will respond to changes in price more quickly in the shorter time you have selected.

Exponential Moving Averages (EMA)

Exponential Moving Averages, often known as EMAs, are trend indicators that are similar to Simple Moving Averages but differ in that they place more emphasis on the most recent price values and almost no weight at all on the closing prices of the first several candles.

Because of this, EMAs are more adaptable to fluctuations and more precisely reflect current price activity than SMAs. Therefore, if we wanted to calculate the EMA for a five-day period using the same example as previously, we would give day 3, 4, and 5’s prices greater weight and day 1 and 2’s prices less weight.

The EMA calculation formula is pretty complicated and looks like this:

EMA is equal to (Close – previous EMA) x (n / 2) + prior EMA.

Because the EMA is less sensitive and hence more affected by a greater number of data points than the SMA, traders believe it to be more accurate of the present market scenario.


The momentum oscillator known as the Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD) is used to trade trends.

It is intended to assess the direction, size, and rate of change of a trend, among other features.

On a forex chart, the MACD indicator is shown as two lines, the MACD and signal lines, and one histogram (bars). The moving averages converge, intersect, and diverge, causing it to oscillate above and below a midline (the zero line).

Therefore, the histogram increases as the space between EMAs widens. Additionally known as divergence.

The histogram shrinks as the EMAs get closer together. Another name for it is convergence.

The MACD indicates the beginning of an uptrend when it crosses over the signal line. Traders in forex see this as a buy signal. When the MACD crosses below the signal line, it denotes the beginning of a downward trend. This serves as a signal for sellers to traders.

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The volatility indicator Average True Range (ATR) displays the average daily price variation over the selected time period.

One method to understand the average true range is as follows:

The likelihood that the trend will change increases with the indicator’s value.

The weaker the trend is and the less likely it is to change, the lower the indicator’s value.

The Average True Range indicator, which is used to corroborate the market’s enthusiasm (or lack thereof) for range breakouts, does not identify trends; rather, it measures the degree of price volatility.


A well-liked technical indicator tool for foretelling trend reversals is the stochastic oscillator.

The stochastic indicator is based on the idea that prices change in direction before their momentum shifts. In order to forecast trend reversals, forex traders employ the stochastic oscillator.

The oscillator operates under the following assumptions:

Prices in an uptrend stay at or above the previous closing price.

Prices in a downtrend stay at or below the previous closing price.

It is a two-line indicator with a range of 0 to 100 that may be used on any chart. The Stochastic technical indicator also alerts traders to overbought or oversold conditions in the market.

When the Stochastics are above 80, the market is said to be overbought.

The market is oversold when the Stochastics are below 20, according to technical analysis.

Momentum Indicator

A form of oscillator known as a momentum indicator determines if the price is in an uptrend or decline and how powerful it is.

Instead of measuring price changes themselves, it monitors the rate at which prices fluctuate.

The following is one possible interpretation for a momentum indicator:

The MI is positive if the most current price is higher than the previous price.

The MI is negative if the most recent price is less than the previous price.

A momentum value greater than zero suggests an upswing in the price.

A momentum figure that is less than zero suggests a downturn in the price.

Relative Strength Index (RSI)

The relative strength index, or RS, is a momentum oscillator used in technical analysis to assess a currency pair’s strength or weakness by contrasting its upward and downward price movement over a specified time frame.

It accomplishes this by tracking recent price gains and losses and contrasting them with the price at hand.

The Relative Strength Index, which ranges from 0 to 100, is shown as an oscillator.

According to many traders, an asset at about the 70 levels is overbought, while one at about the 30 level is oversold.

Price often signals the impending reversal when it reaches or approaches one of these extremes (0 or 100).


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